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Mixed Income

Do low income households benefit from living in mixed income developments or communities?  What about non low income households?
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Mixed Income Experiments
As income inequality increases policy makers are struggling to define
what's good about intentionally "mixed" developments
what are the best ways to manage mixed income developments

Benefits of mixed income developments or communities

Proponents of Mixed Income developments and communities argue that low income households benefit.  In the most radical formulation, advocates argue that zip code is destiny (ie. where you live signals what kind of success you will have in life.)  Studies are a little more circumspect:

The experiments:  real and imagined
Prointegrative moves in HCV
Deconcentration incentives in LIHTC, other Federally assisted programs: 
  • moving project based subsidies
  • incentives for siting new developments outside areas of concentrated poverty (communities of choice)
  • conversion of project based subsidies to household based
  • cross subsidies
Planned development: Mt. Laurel, NJ
  • Here comes the Neighborhood
  • Facebook builds housing in Ca.  Several weeks ago, EVB recommended a link to Slate magazine announcing that Facebook will building a housing complex near it's Menlo Park, CA headquarters.  Shortly afterwards someone at a meeting in Cleveland asked "Is this a joke?"  Turns out the Facebook angle is just the beginning of an important story about income inequality and mixed income communities.  Here's how you can connect the dots...
    •  On line journal Ars Technica expands on the development  more here 
    • Atlantic Cities weighs in with more information about the plans.
    • Then NPR covers efforts by Manufactured Home Park residents in nearby Palo Alto to hang on to their homes in a overheated real estate market.  Facebook's decision to include some "low income units" at their new housing development seems positively responsible.  PS:  this story underlines the connection between housing and educational opportunity.
    • Now we learn that CA Governor Brown has vetoed legislation that would permit cities to require developers to provide affordable housing units.  More here and here
The critics say
  • Let the market decide
  • More renters, neighborhoods feel different
    "Across the country, a growing number of single-family rentals provide an option for many who lost their homes in the housing crash through foreclosure and for those who cannot obtain a mortgage under today’s tougher credit conditions. But the decline in homeownership is also changing many neighborhoods in profound ways, including reduced home values, lower voter turnout and political influence, less social stability and higher crime. "

 BIG POLICY around deconcentration
Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing
  • ProPublica articles
  • Westchester experience
  • New emphasis from HUD
Siting decisions in Low Income Housing Tax Credit program
Left behind
What about traditionally low income communities-are they left to wither away?







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