Legislative bodies (Congress, General Assembly, City Councils) do two kinds of work.
Authorizing is what we normally think of as passing laws. Passing the Ohio Landlord Tenant Law was an example of authorizing--creating the authority for government (courts, local governments) to handle landlord tenant relations.
Spending public funds is the other legislative obligation. Once a bill becomes a law, the legislature may spend public funds to give "teeth" to the law. Example: Congress may appropriate funds to spend on fair housing enforcement under the provisions of the Fair Housing Act.
But wait...it's not that simple.
Authorization is a long process which involves writing a bill, holding hearings in committees and voting by both chambers of the legislative body (eg. US House of Reps and US Senate) before it is sent to the Chief Executive for a signature.
Spending Money is another long process that involves both budget (an overall plan for spending levels) and an appropriation (the actual amounts being spent).
In Ohio budget and appropriations are handled in a single bill (the budget bill) which is proposed by the Governor in odd-number years. Lately in even numbered years the Governors have asked the General Assembly to enact "budget revisions.:
Tom Suddes--an expert on Ohio politics says: "A budget really is a lie detector. What officeholders (of any party)
say is one thing, but what they actually want to do? That's a budget.
For instance, Sen. Gasbag or Rep. Blowhard may claim he or she is
for, say, strong environmental protection. But if a budget doesn't
adequately fund it, that's a lie. Likewise, conservative tub-thumpers
may yammer on about personal freedom, the blessings of liberty, etc.
At the National (Federal) level, the Congress receives the President's Budget in early February of each year, debates and passes it's own version of the budget and then enacts 12 appropriations bills to direct expenditures through Federal Offices (like HUD).
Advocating in Columbus: How to get my voice heard. Let's suppose you are a victim of utility reselling, how can you share your story with your elected representatives in Columbus? Here's some suggestions
1. Contact your representative. You can find your representatives by visiting Advocates for Ohio's Future
or calling your local County Board of Elections. At the state level
you have a representative in the State House and a representative in the
State Senate. 2. Tell your story through the news. Sad to
say that many state officials pay more attention to the newspapers than
they do to letters or emails from constituents. Here's a way to find local media contacts. 3. Join with other advocates.
A good personal story ("This happened to me") can open the door to a legislator...but you still need the facts (data) to support your request.
Who are the legislators?
Getting elected to Congress is a fast track to the DC lobbying business http://www.washingtonian.com/articles/people/heres-what-every-ex-congressman-is-doing-now/ Why
does this matter to you? Well, one of the best things I learned in
social work school was that politicians are mostly like the rest of the
population--looking for the next job. Sometimes that not in elected
office. A mentor then (Anschel Weiss) asked me: "What would these
councilpeople be doing if they weren't elected? Elected office is
career development." If you keep that in mind, then maybe lobbying the
"electeds" becomes a little less intimidating. Think of them as
businesspeople on the make. Why is this a RHINO concern? RHINO
priority 1 calls upon the network to protect tenants rights in GA,
Congress. Part of the workplan is to educate RHINO members (the action
arm of RHINO) about how government works.
Taking your housing issues to the Hill "Representative Michael Turner created the “Fostering Stable Housing Opportunities Act” as a direct result of meeting with Ohio foster care youth during their annual Three Days on the Hill trips to Washington, D.C."
Who are the Staffers?
Most of the time, know it or not, you will be dealing with a legislative staff person who listens to your concerns, responds on behalf of the member, keeps the member informed about what she/he is hearing, and can help schedule appointments. Most are NOT familiar with the member's local community. Helping your staffer understand your local reality and your organization will be helpful in sending a message to your elected representative. Hint-get to know a staffer. http://famousdc.com/features/confessions-of-a-hill-staffer/
Who are the voters? pew study of participation
Who are the lobbyists? industries citizen groups "richies"
Notes & Links
Lobbying Do's and Don't s (appended at bottom of this page)